Deflection and Deterrence: Europe’s Shrinking Asylum Space and its Parallels with Australian Policies

Gemima Harvey

Abstract



In 2015, as asylum seekers, refugees and migrants began making their way to Europe in larger numbers, the European Union set about putting policies in place to shut them out and protect its external borders. In the process, the protection of borders has become paramount to the protection needs of people, and policies have been designed to contain people in regions of origin, deterring the desire to reach Europe and deflecting responsibility for processing asylum claims to states elsewhere. The framing of resettlement as a reward for countries that cooperate, and people who wait, and the shifting of responsibility onto other states, where refugees cannot enjoy full rights, are reminiscent of Australia’s approach to asylum law and policy.

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