Social Movement Prostitution: A Case Study in Nonhuman Animal Rights Activism and Vegan Pimping
AbstractThis article explores the sexual objectification of female-identified volunteers in social movements as a form of tactical prostitution. It is argued that tactical prostitution constitutes a violation of the dignity of women in social movement spaces, while also posing a threat to the well-being of women and children in the larger public. This article investigates the Nonhuman Animal rights movement in particular, suggesting that tactical prostitution is particularly counterintuitive in this context as it asks the public to stop objectifying Nonhuman Animals with the same oppressive logic that it wields in objectifying female activists. This critique is placed within a systemic analysis of neoliberalism as it impacts social movements through the formation of a non-profit industrial complex. This system encourages the commodification of marginalized groups for institutional gain.
Alaimo, Stacy, ‘The naked word: the trans-corporeal ethics of the protesting body’ (2010) 20(1) Women & Performance: A Journal of Feminist Theory 15.
Bazelon, Emily, ‘Should prostitution be a crime?’ (2016) The New York Times. Retrieved online from: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/08/magazine/should-prostitution-be-a-crime.html
Bongiorno, Renata, Paul Bain, and Nick Haslam, ‘When sex doesn’t sell: using sexualized images of women reduces support for ethical campaigns’ (2013) 8(12) PLoS One.
Dines, Gail, Pornland: how porn has hijacked our sexuality (Beacon Press 2010).
Gaarder, Emily, Women and the Animal Rights Movement (Rutgers University Press, 2011).
Gamson, William and Gadi Wolfsfeld, ‘Movements and media as interacting systems’ (1993) 528 Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 114.
INCITE!, The revolution will not be funded (South End Press, 2007).
Jeffreys, Sheila. The industrial vagina (Routledge, 2008).
Mirk, Sarah, ‘Liberal problems,’ Popaganda (Bitch Magazine, 2015).
Misri, Deepti, ‘Are you a man?: performing naked protest in India,’ (2011) 36(3) Signs 603.
Moran, Rachel, Paid For (W.W. Norton & Company, 2015)
PETA ‘Don’t let your kids become hookers’ (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.peta.org/blog/don-t-let-kids-become-hookers/
Sutton, Barbara, ‘Naked protest: memories of bodies and resistance at the World Social Forum’ (2007) 8(3) Journal of International Women’s Studies 139.
Williams, Mary Elizabeth, ‘Surprise, PETA! Sex doesn’t sell,’ (2013), Salon. Retrieved from: http://www.salon.com/2013/12/20/surprise_peta_sex_doesnt_sell/
Wrenn, Corey. Professionalization, Factionalism, and Social Movement Success: A Case Study on Nonhuman Animal Rights Mobilization (2016) Colorado State University. Dissertation.
Wrenn, Corey. ‘The role of professionalization regarding female exploitation in the Nonhuman Animal rights movement’ (2013) 24(2) Journal of Gender Studies 131.
Wrenn, Corey and Megan Lutz, ‘White women wanted? An analysis of gender diversity in social justice magazines’ (2016) 6(2) Societies 1.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.