The Quest for Justice in a Time of Global Uncertainty


  • Fiona McLeod


This paper draws upon two recent papers delivered by the author — ‘David Solomon Lecture: Accountability in the Age of the Artificial August 2019’, Brisbane; and the keynote presentation to the Australian Lawyers Alliance Conference ‘A Quest for Justice, Evolution or Catastrophe October 2019’, Port Douglas.


A Articles/Books/Reports

Australian Law Reform Commission, Pathways to Justice – Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Report No 133, December 2017)

Australian Human Rights Commission, Bringing them Home: Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families (Report, April 1997)

Blackstone, William, Commentaries on the Laws of England (Clarendon Press, 1765 1770) vol 1

Cook, James and Great Britain Admiralty, ‘Cook's Voyage 1768-71: Copies of Correspondence’, National Library of Australia (Manuscript, 1768) <>

Law Council of Australia, The Justice Project (Final Report, August 2018)

McAvoy, Tony, ‘High Court’s ‘Alien’ Decision is not Surprising’, The Guardian (online at 12 February 2020) <>

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen, Whitening Race: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism (Aboriginal Studies Press, 2004)

Murphy, Katharine, ‘Sports Rorts Changes Everything. It’s Time for a Federal ICAC’, The Guardian (online at 7 March 2020) <>

Pascoe, Bruce, Dark Emu Black Seeds: Agriculture or Accident? (Magabala Books, 2014)

Pascoe, Bruce, The Little Red Yellow Black Book: An Introduction to Indigenous Australia (AIATSIS, 4th ed, 2018)

Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (Final Report, April 1991)

Sackville, Ronald, Parliament of Australia, Law and Poverty in Australia: Commission of Inquiry into Poverty Second Main Report (Parliamentary Paper No 294, October 1975)

Thiesen, William, ‘The 10th Anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon Spill’, The Maritime Executive (Online at 24 April 2020) <>

B Cases

ABC v Lenah Game Meats Pty Ltd (2001) 208 CLR 199

D’Arcy v Myriad Genetics Inc (2015) 258 CLR 334

Giller v Procopets [2004] VSC 113

Jurecek v Director, Transport Safety Victoria [2016] VSC 285

Love v Commonwealth; Thoms v Commonwealth [2020] HCA 3

Mabo v Queensland (1992) 175 CLR 1

Mabo v Queensland (No 2) [1992] HCA 23

M.C. Mehta v. Kamal Nath (1997) 1 SCC 388 (Supreme Court of India)

R v L (1991) 174 CLR 379

C Legislation

Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic)

D Treaties

Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, opened for signature 18 December 1979, 1363 UNTS 3 (entered into force 11 July 1984)

Declaration of Principles Governing the Sea-Bed and Ocean Floor, and the Subsoil Thereof, beyond the Limits of National Jurisdiction, GA Res 2749(XXV), UN GAOR, A/RES/2749 (17 December 1970, adopted 15-17 September 1970)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, opened for signature 16 December 1966, 999 UNTS 171 (entered into force 23 March 1976)

Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, opened for signature 27 January 1967, 610 UNTS 205 (entered into force 10 October 1967)

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, opened for signature 10 December 1982, 1833 UNTS 397 (entered into force 16 November 1994)

E Other

Cannataci, Joseph A, Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy, UN Doc A/HRC/31/64 (8 March 2016)

Charles, Stephen AO QC, ‘The Fitzgerald Oration 2019’ (Accountability Round Table, 1 September 2019)

‘Corruption Perception Index’, Transparency International: The Global Coalition against Corruption (Web Page, 2019) <>

First Nations National Constitutional Convention, Uluru Statement from the Heart, 26 May 2017

Hayne, Ken AC QC, ‘On Royal Commissions’ (Speech, Melbourne Law School, 26 July 2019)

Human Rights Committee, General Comment No 16: Article 17 (Right to Privacy), 32nd sess, UN Doc (8 April 1988)

McLeod, Fiona and Stephen Charles, Submission No 32 to Senate Committee on Administration of Sports Grants, Inquiry into the Administration of Sports Grants (28 February 2020)

New Zealand Government, Algorithm Assessment Report (Report, October 2018)

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD Guidelines on Other Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data (2013)

Senate Committee on Administration of Sports Grants, Parliament of Australia, Inquiry into the Administrations of Sports Grants, Parliament of Australia

Senate Community Affairs Legislation Committee, Parliament of Australia, Inquiry into the Social Services Legislation Amendment (Cashless Debit Card) Bill 2017

‘Uyghurs Tell of China-led Intimidation Campaign Abroad’, Amnesty International (Web Page, 25 February 2020) <>