The Indignity Of Abstraction: Datamining and Autonomy in the Age of Direct to Consumer Genomics


  • Bruce Arnold
  • Wendy Bonython


Direct To Consumer Genomics services such as 23AndMe and promise to foster medical research and deepen personal connection through sharing information about the human genome. This article contextualises those promises by asking questions about dignity. The services and the legal frameworks in which they operate are predicated on abstracting people as sets of genetic data. The commonality of that data among biological relatives means that individuals who gift a service with data about themselves are disregarding the autonomy of relatives who might not want to be genetically datamined. Law about such genomics should acknowledge Kant’s wariness about abstracting people as a means to an end.



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