No! to Affirmative Consent: A Reply to Anna Kerr

Andrew Dyer

Abstract


This is part of a four-piece conversation published in this issue, and a response to Anna Kerr’s ‘Cups of Tea, Joyriding and Shaking Hands – The Vexed Issue of Consent’.

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References


A Articles/Books/Reports

Craig, Elaine, ‘Ten Years After Ewanchuk The Art of Seduction is Alive and Well: An Examination of The Mistaken Belief in Consent Defence’ (2009) 13(3) Canadian Criminal Law Review 247

Cockburn, Helen, ‘The Impact of Introducing an Affirmative Model of Consent and Changes to the Defence of Mistake in Tasmanian Rape Trials’ (PhD Thesis, University of Tasmania, June 2012)

Dougherty, Tom, ‘No Way Around Consent: A Reply to Rubenfeld on “Rape-by-Deception”’ (2013) 123 Yale Law Journal Online 321, 322

Dougherty, Tom, ‘Sex, Lies, and Consent’ (2013) 123(4) Ethics 717

Dougherty, Tom, ‘Yes Means Yes: Consent as Communication’ (2015) 43(3) Philosophy and Public Affairs 224

Dyer, Andrew, ‘The “Australian Position Concerning Criminal Complicity: Principle, Policy or Politics’ (2018) 40(2) Sydney Law Review 291

Dyer, Andrew, ‘The Mens Rea for Sexual Assault, Sexual Touching and Sexual Act Offences in New South Wales: Leave it Alone (Although You Could Consider Imposing an Evidential Burden on the Accused)’ (2019) 47(4) Australian Bar Review (forthcoming)

Dyer, Andrew, ‘Mistakes that Negate Apparent Consent’ (2019) 43 Criminal Law Journal 159

Dyer, Andrew, ‘Sexual Assault Law Reform in New South Wales: Why the Lazarus Litigation Demonstrates no Need for Section 61HE of the Crimes Act to be Changed (2019) 43(2) Criminal Law Journal 78

Feinberg, Joel, ‘The Case of Fraudulently Procured Consent’ (1986) 96(2) Ethics 330

Greer, Germaine, On Rape (Melbourne University Press, 2018)

Gruber, Aya, ‘Consent Confusion’ (2016) 38 Cardozo Law Review 415

Gruber, Aya, ‘Not Affirmative Consent’ (2016) 47 The University of the Pacific Law Review 683

Halley, Janet, ‘The Move to Affirmative Consent’ (2016) 42(1) Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 257

Horder, Jeremy, Ashworth’s Principles of Criminal Law (Oxford University Press, 8th ed, 2016)

Kerr, Anna, ‘Cups of Tea, Joyriding and Shaking Hands – the Vexed Issue of Consent’ (2019) 7(1) Griffith Journal of Law & Human Dignity (in this issue)

Kessler Ferzan, Kimberly, ‘Consent, Culpability, and the Law of Rape’ (2016) 13(2) Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 397

Mason, Gail and Monaghan, James, ‘Autonomy and responsibility in sexual assault law in NSW: The Lazarus cases’ (2019) 31(1) Current Issues in Criminal Justice 24

Morgan, Neil, ‘Oppression, Fraud and Consent in Sexual Offences’ (1996) 26(1) Western Australian Law Review 223

New South Wales Law Reform Commission, Consent in relation to sexual offences (Consultation Paper 21, October 2018)

Rogers, Jonathan, ‘The Effect of “Deception” in the Sexual Offences Act 2003’ (2013) 4 Archbold Review 7

Rubenfeld, Jed, ‘The Riddle of Rape-by-Deception and the Myth of Sexual Autonomy’ (2013) 122 Yale Law Journal 1372

Rush, Peter and Young, Alison, ‘A Crime of Consequence and a Failure of Legal Imagination: The Sexual Offences of the Model Criminal Code’ (1997) 9(1) Australian Feminist Law Journal 100

Sharpe, Alex, ‘Criminalising Sexual Intimacy: Transgender Defendants and the Legal Construction of Non-Consent’ [2014] Criminal Law Review 207

Simester, AP et al, Simester and Sullivan’s Criminal Law: Theory and Doctrine (Hart Publishing, 6th ed, 2016)

Syrota, George, ‘Rape: When Does Fraud Vitiate Consent?’ (1995) 25(2) Western Australian Law Review 334

Temkin, Jennifer, ‘Towards a Modern Law of Rape’ (1982) 45(4) Modern Law Review 399

B Cases

Assange v Swedish Prosecution Authority [2011] EWHC 2849 (Admin)

Aubertin v Western Australia (2006) 33 WAR 87

Aubrey v The Queen (2017) 260 CLR 305

Banditt v R (2004) 151 A Crim R 215

Brown v DPP [1994] 1 AC 212

Butler v The State of Western Australia [2013] WASCA 242 (18 October 2013)

Clarke v R (1995) 78 A Crim R 226

CTM v The Queen (2008) 236 CLR 440

Cuerrier v The Queen [1998] 2 SCR 371

Dee v R (1884) 15 Cox CC 579

Fuge v R (2001) 123 A Crim R 310

Harkin v R (1989) 38 A Crim R 296

He Kaw Teh v The Queen (1985) 157 CLR 523

Hutchinson v The Queen [2014] 1 SCR 346

Livas v The Queen [2015] ACTCA 54 (13 August 2015)

Mabior v The Queen [2012] 2 SCR 584

Macpherson v Brown [1975] 12 SASR 184

Mitton v R (2002) 132 A Crim R 123

Neal v R (2011) 32 VR 454

O’Sullivan v R (2012) 233 A Crim R 449

Papadimitropoulos v The Queen (1957) 98 CLR 249

Pryor v R (2001) 124 A Crim R 22

R v B(MA) [2013] 1 Cr App R 36

R v Barton [2019] SCC 33

R v Brown [1975] 10 SASR 139

R v Brown [1992] 1 QB 491

R v Dica [2004] QB 1257

R v Konzani [2005] 2 Cr App R 14

R v Lazarus (District Court of NSW, Tupman DCJ, 4 May 2017)

R v Lazarus [2017] NSWCCA 279 (27 November 2017)

R v Linekar [1995] QB 252

R v Mobilio [1991] 1 VR 339

R v Mrzljak [2005] 1 Qd R 308

R v Mueller (2005) 62 NSWLR 476

R v Olugboja [1982] 1 QB 320

R v Rajakaruna (2004) 8 VR 340

R v Reid [2007] 1 Qd R 64

R v Winchester [2014] 1 Qd R 44

R v XHR [2012] NSWCCA 247 (23 November 2012)

SG v Tasmania [2017] TASCCA 12 (8 August 2017)

SZTAL v Minister of Immigration (2017) 91 ALJR 936

Tabbah v R [2017] NSWCCA 55 (29 March 2017)

Tame v New South Wales (2002) 211 CLR 317

The Queen v Ewanchuk [1999] 1 SCR 330

The Queen v Khazaal (2012) 246 CLR 601

The Queen v Morrison [2019] SCC 15 (24 March 2019)

Tolmie v R (1995) 37 NSWLR 660

Wampfler v R (1987) 11 NSWLR 541

Woolmington v DPP [1935] AC 462

Youssef v R (1990) 50 A Crim R 1

Zaburoni v The Queen (2016) 256 CLR 482

C Legislation

Crimes Act 1900 (NSW)

Crimes Act 1958 (Vic)

Crimes Amendment Act 2007 (NSW)

Criminal Code Act 1924 (Tas)

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46

Criminal Law Amendment (Child Sexual Abuse) Act 2018 (NSW)

Criminal Procedure Act 1986 (NSW)

D Other

Dyer, Andrew, Submission No CO02 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (1 February 2019)

Dyer, Andrew, Submission No PC050 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (29 June 2018)

Four Corners, ‘I am that girl’, ABC Four Corners (Transcript, 7 May 2018)

Loughnan, Arlie et al, Submission No CO09 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (1 February 2019)

McNamara, Luke, et al, Luke McNamara et al, Submission No CO13 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (1 February 2019)

NSW Bar Association, Submission No PCO47 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (29 June 2018)

Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions Submission No CO14 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (1 February 2019)

Police Association of NSW, Submission No PC084 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (29 June 2018)

Rape & Domestic Violence Services Australia, Submission No CO28 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (21 February 2019)

Rape & Domestic Violence Services Australia, Submission No PC088 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (29 June 2018)

Rush, Peter and Young, Alison, Submission No PC059 to NSW Law Reform Commission, Review of Consent and Knowledge of Consent in relation to Sexual Assault Offences (29 June 2018)

Peter Rush and Alison Young, Submission No 5 to Victorian Law Reform Commission, Reference on Sexual Offences: Law and Procedure, (10 January 2002)

Speakman, Mark and Goward, Pru, ‘Media Release: Sexual Consent Laws to be Reviewed’ (Media Release, NSW Government, 8 May 2018).

The Criminal Trials Court Benchbook, Sexual Intercourse without consent, ‘Suggested direction – sexual intercourse without consent (s 61I) where the offence was allegedly committed on or after 1 January 2008’

Whitbourn, Michaela, ‘’Enthusiastic yes’: NSW announces review of sexual consent laws’, Sydney Morning Herald (online, 8 May 2018)